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Archives par mot-clé : Algorithms

Restricting algorithms to limit their powers of discrimination

algorithms

From music suggestions to help with medical diagnoses, population surveillance, university selection and professional recruitment, algorithms are everywhere, and transform our everyday lives. Sometimes, they lead us astray. At fault are the statistical, economic and cognitive biases inherent to the very nature of the current algorithms, which are supplied with …

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Ethical algorithms in health: a technological and societal challenge

Since the enthusiasm for AI in healthcare brought on by IBM’s Watson, many questions on bias and discrimination in algorithms have emerged. Photo: Wikimedia.

The possibilities offered by algorithms and artificial intelligence in the healthcare field raise many questions. What risks do they pose? How can we ensure that they have a positive impact on the patient as an individual? What safeguards can be put in place to ensure that the values of our …

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Pierre Comon: from the brain to space, searching for a single solution

Pierre Comon

Pierre Comon’s research focuses on a subject that is as simple as it is complex: how to find a single solution to a problem. From environment to health and telecommunications, this researcher in information science at GIPSA-Lab is taking on a wide range of issues. Winner of the IMT-Académie des …

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PAPAYA: a European project for a confidential data analysis platform

Papaya

EURECOM is coordinating the three-year European project, PAPAYA, launched on May 1st. Its mission: enable cloud services to process encrypted or anonymized data without having to access the unencrypted data. Melek Önen, a researcher specialized in applied cryptography, is leading this project. In this interview she provides more details on …

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Mathematical tools for analyzing the development of brain pathologies in children

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enables medical doctors to obtain precise images of a patient’s structure and anatomy, and of the pathologies that may affect the patient’s brain. However, to analyze and interpret these complex images, radiologists need specific mathematical tools. While some tools exist for interpreting images of the adult …

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Can we trust blockchains?

blockchains

Maryline Laurent, Télécom SudParis – Institut Mines-Télécom, Université Paris-Saclay Blockchains were initially presented as a very innovative technology with great promise in terms of trust. But is this really the case? Recent events, such as the hacking of the Parity wallet ($30 million US) or the Tether firm ($31 million …

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Digital Advertising and Algorithms

publicité numérique, digital advertising

Romain Gola, Télécom École de Management – Institut Mines-Télécom In 2016, for the first time in France, online advertising investment exceeded that of television advertising. Algorithms now play an increasingly significant role in the purchase of advertising space on websites, raising many ethical and legal issues. Algorithms rise to power …

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Facial biometrics: How smartphones can recognize us

facial biometrics

Mohamed Daoudi, IMT Lille Douai – Institut Mines-Télécom Welcome to the new era: that of facial biometrics. The launch of the iPhone X, a smartphone featuring Face ID facial recognition, demonstrated that this technology has now reached full maturity. This became possible with the introduction of miniature 3D sensors with …

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Ethics, an overlooked aspect of algorithms?

algorithms

We now encounter algorithms at every moment of the day. But this exposure can be dangerous. It has been proven to influence our political opinions, moods and choices. Far from being neutral, algorithms carry their developers’ value judgments, which are imposed on us without our noticing most of the time. …

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What is supply chain management?

supply chain management, Matthieu Lauras

Behind each part of your car, your phone or even the tomato on your plate, there’s an extensive network of contributors. Every day, billions of products circulate. The management of a logistics chain – or ‘supply chain management’ – organizes these movements on a smaller or larger scale. Matthieu Lauras, …

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