Economics and Society

Production line flexibility: human operators to the rescue!

human

Changing customer needs have cast a veil of uncertainty over the future of industrial production. To respond to these demands, production systems must be flexible. Although industry is becoming increasingly automated, a good way to provide flexibility is to reintroduce human operators. An observation that goes against current trends, presented …

+

Restricting algorithms to limit their powers of discrimination

algorithms

From music suggestions to help with medical diagnoses, population surveillance, university selection and professional recruitment, algorithms are everywhere, and transform our everyday lives. Sometimes, they lead us astray. At fault are the statistical, economic and cognitive biases inherent to the very nature of the current algorithms, which are supplied with …

+

Ethical algorithms in health: a technological and societal challenge

Since the enthusiasm for AI in healthcare brought on by IBM’s Watson, many questions on bias and discrimination in algorithms have emerged. Photo: Wikimedia.

The possibilities offered by algorithms and artificial intelligence in the healthcare field raise many questions. What risks do they pose? How can we ensure that they have a positive impact on the patient as an individual? What safeguards can be put in place to ensure that the values of our …

+

In IT professions, diversity is all about inclusion, not exclusion

Quelles sont les bonnes pratiques à adopter en matière de mixité pour inclure les femmes dans les milieux technologiques ?

Ideas about diversity are often fallacious. Sociology has shown that women are seen as being responsible for their own inclusion in places where they are a minority. Chantal Morley is conducting research in this field at Institut Mines-Télécom Business School. She is especially interested in diversity in technological fields, whether …

+

The cherry trees of Fukushima

The “Miharu Takizakura”, a weeping cherry tree over a thousand years old. The tree is on a soil contaminated by the Fukushima incident.

Written by Franck Guarnieri, Aurélien Portelli, et Sébastien Travadel, Mines ParisTech. The original version has been published on The Conversation. It’s 2019 and for many, the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster has become a distant memory. In the West, the event is considered to be over. Safety standards have been audited …

+

Data centers: when digital technology transforms a city

The installation of a data center in the heart of a city, like this one belonging to Interxion in La Plaine Commune in Île-de-France, rarely goes unnoticed.

As the tangible part of the digital world, data centers are flourishing on the outskirts of cities. They are promoted by elected representatives, sometimes contested by locals, and are not yet well-regulated, raising new social, legal and technical issues. Here is an overview of the challenges this infrastructure poses for …

+

Algorithmic bias, discrimination and fairness

biais des algorithmes, algorithmic bias

David Bounie, Professor of Economics, Head of Economics and Social Sciences at Télécom ParisTech Patrick Waelbroeck, Professor of Industrial Economy and Econometrics at Télécom ParisTech and co-founder of the Chair Values and Policies of Personal Information The original version of this article was published on the website of the Chair Values …

+

From personal data to artificial intelligence: who benefits from our clicking?

click

Clicking, liking, sharing: all of our digital activities produce data. This information, which is collected and monetized by big digital information platforms, is on its way to becoming the virtual black gold of the 21st century. Have we all become digital workers? Digital labor specialist and Télécom ParisTech researcher Antonio …

+

How has digital technology changed migrants’ lives?

migrants

Over the past few decades, migrants have become increasingly connected, as have societies in both their home and host countries. The use of new technologies allows them to maintain ties with their home countries while helping them integrate in their new countries. They also play an important role in the …

+